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Fun and Easy Science Experiments You Can Do at Home

Fun and Easy Science Experiments

Science experiments make children feel excited, and many of them do not require costly lab equipment. You can make your children do fun and easy science experiments at home with regular household things and some low-cost things you can easily buy from your nearest store. Below, we have gathered a list of simple science projects that will help you.

1. Neon flower experiment

The neon flower experiment is a fantastic approach to showing children what plants do when we give them water. Children will see white flowers altering their colour when they are placed in the different coloured water.

Materials you need for this experiment:

  • Three white colour flowers
  • Food colouring
  • Three glasses
  • Water

How to experiment?

  • Fill the glasses with water.
  • Squeeze the desired colour in the three glasses and stir.
  • Put the flowers in the glass. (Trim them carefully)
  • Wait and watch the flowers change their colours.

How to explain this to your children?

The water is transported through roots to tiny tubes that run up the stem and then to the leaves and flowers. Water moves through plants through two processes- Transpiration and Cohesion.

Transpiration is the process through which water is evaporated from the plant's leaves and stems. It plays an essential role in the water cycle because it gives water vapour to the atmosphere, causing clouds and precipitation. Cohesion helps pull up the water molecules from the roots to the leaves, which will be clear from the flower changing colour.

2. Water illusion or Arrow experiment

Water illusion will teach your kids about refraction. Your children will pick up a lot of things from this science experiment. Best schools in Baddi teach students science through practice, which includes doing science experiments, sharing ideas with peers and many more ways.

The material you need for the experiment

  • One glass or transparent jar
  • Water
  • White paper
  • A pen

How to experiment?

  • Pour some water into a glass of water.
  • On a sheet of paper, sketch an arrow.
  • Behind the glass, place the paper.
  • You will see a magnifying image of the arrow.
  • And the direction of the arrow will also be changed.

How to explain this to your children?

Light bends when it enters from one medium to another (air to water). This process is called refraction. Water acts as a magnifying glass when light bends towards the centre. And water reverses images when the light bends, changes direction and reflects. So, what you see is the reflection of the object, due to which it gets reversed.

3. Capillary action experiment

This simple experiment will teach your child about capillary action, which is a gravity-defyingphenomenon. So, help your child see the wonders of capillary action by using simple things at home.

The material you need for the experiment

  • Food colouring
  • Glass jar or vase
  • Paper towel and water

How to experiment?

  • Add water to a glass vase or container.
  • Cut the paper towel to about 2-3 inches (strips).
  • Fold the paper lengthwise half and then fold it again.
  • Dip one end of the paper into the glass jar and vase while ensuring the other end of the towel is outside the jar.
  • Wait for some time and observe the capillary action. The water will climb up the strip.
  • You can add a few drops of colours in the jar or vase to see the paper towel strip changing colour.

How to explain this to your children?

The cohesive and adhesive forces of water molecules create capillary action. Adhesive forces of water molecules make them stick to the surface of the paper towel, and cohesive forces make them adhere to one another and climb up the paper towel. The best schools in Nalagarh help children learn about topics such as magnetism, optics, and kinetic energy in depth through science experiments.

4. Balloon up an experiment

The balloon-up experiment can help explain to children the chemical reaction of baking soda and vinegar in a fun and interesting way. They will see the balloon blowing up with the chemical reaction of baking soda and vinegar.

The material you need for the experiment

  • Ballon
  • Empty plastic bottle
  • Baking soda and vinegar
  • 2- funnels

How to experiment?

  • Put the funnel on top of the plastic bottle.
  • Pour 1/3 cup of vinegar into the bottle through the funnel.
  • From the bottle, take out the funnel.
  • Put the funnel to the end of the balloon.
  • Next, add a teaspoon of the baking soda into the balloon (Make sure you add it to the bottom of the ballon)
  • Take out the funnel from the balloon.
  • Put the balloon in the bottle's mouth.
  • After that, slowly lift the balloon to pour the vinegar into the bottom of the bottle.
  • The balloon will start inflating.

How to explain this to your children?

When baking soda and vinegar come in contact with each other, they release carbon dioxide in the form of bubbles, making the balloon expand, as you will see in the experiment. Along with carbon dioxide, it also produces water and salt (sodium acetate).

5. Density tower

The density tower will teach children about the density of liquids, and the best part is that this experiment is easy to do at home. The concept behind this is that dense liquids settle at the bottom while others float in the middle and top.

The material you need for the experiment

  • A clear glass
  • Honey
  • Syrup
  • Dish soap
  • Vegetable oil
  • Rubbing alcohol

How to experiment?

  • Fill the glass with water.
  • Add honey, syrup, dish soap and vegetable oil.
  • Watch each liquid getting stacked in the liquid, forming a tower.

How to explain this to your children?

Density helps children determine why everything does not weigh the same. In the density tower experiment, honey is the heaviest and alcohol is the lightest, which means you see the former at the bottom and the latter at the top. You can also try other liquids in the glass to see how they behave.


Science helps children make sense of everything around them, but its theoretical part becomes difficult for them to understand. We hope the above science experiment will help your child engagingly understand science concepts. Try them with your children and share your experience in the comment section.