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Why is Children’s Day celebrated and what can schools do on November 14?
Children's day is celebrated on the birth anniversary of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of independent India, on November 14th. Pandit Nehru loved children and believed that the fate of a nation is determined by the welfare, education and development of children. Along with his birth anniversary, children's day, or Bal Diwas, is celebrated to raise awareness of children's education and rights.
The history behind the day
Before 1956, we would celebrate children’s day on November 20th, the day when world children’s day is celebrated. But after the death of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the Indian parliament passed a resolution that declared November 14, his birthday, as children's day. We celebrated Children's Day for the first time on November 14, 1957. On Bal Diwas, we pay tribute to the Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who was called Chacha Nehru by the children and pledge to work towards child welfare by educating people on child care and rights.
Some facts about Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s life
- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born in a Kashmiri Brahmin family in 1889. His father, “Motilal Nehru” was a well-known lawyer who played an active role in Indian independence.
- Pandit Nehru played a prominent role in the Indian freedom movement along with Mahatma Gandhi and several other prominent leaders of the Indian National Congress.
- He prioritised children's education which can be well deduced from his statement, “The children of today will make the India of tomorrow. The way we bring them up will determine the future of the country”.
- Nehru Ji believed that scientific knowledge and rationality should be the basis of learning. You will get to know more about Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru at the best CBSE schools in Baddi.
- He started free primary education and free meals in India. The meals given to the children included milk and yoghurt, which helped save the children from malnutrition.
- He laid the foundation of several educational institutions in India, such as the All Institute of Medical Sciences ( AIMS) and the Indian institute of technology( IIT)
- Some popular books written by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru are “The Discovery of India” and his autobiography “Towards Freedom”.
Children's rights in India
Under the Indian Constitution, the legal rights of children are below:-
- Right to free education to children between 6-14 years of age.
- Protection from harsh and dangerous work environments.
- Right to protection against any work that does not comply with their age and strength.
- Right to get fair and equal opportunity for general overall development.
- Right to protection from exploitation.
Children’s day celebration in India
Children's day is a day to have fun with children and honour them; This is a day to introduce children to prominent Indian personalities, such as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Abdul Kalam, C.V. Raman,Vikram Sarabhai, and many others.
The Best nursery schools in Baddi celebrate Bal Diwas with great enthusiasm and excitement. They organize storytelling competitions, art and crafts exhibition and several other activities to make this day memorable for students.
If you are looking for ways by which you can celebrate children's day at school, here are some activities you can do with your students.
1. A quiz competition
What would be better than asking questions that help students know more about Bal Diwas? So, find out questions that help them see the importance of celebrating this day. And don’t worry if they can’t answer because, in the end, they will learn several things.
2. A writing event
Tell children to write about their likes and dislikes on paper. Read what is written by them one by one in the class and tell other children to guess who has written it. This activity will help in making a bond between children and teaches them to respect each other choices.
3. Classroom decorations
Ask students to create art and craft for the children's day and then help them decorate the classroom with their works of art. You can reward the students who made the best craft or appreciate them for their hard work.
The bottom line
Finally, Children's Day is celebrated every year to honour our first Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and to support the little ones of our society. It is our responsibility to create a child-friendly environment and do everything possible to ensure their overall well-being and development in the spirit of Nehru Ji. Let us know how you planned this special day in the comments section.